Model United Nations, also known as Model UN or MUN, is an educational
simulation and/or academic activity in which students can learn
about diplomacy, international relations, and the United Nations. MUN involves
and teaches participants speaking, debating, and writing skills, in addition
to critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities. Usually an
extracurricular activity, some schools also offer Model UN as a class. It is
meant to engage students and allow them to develop deeper understanding into
current world issues.
Participants in Model United Nations conferences, known as delegates, are
placed in committees and assigned countries to represent, or occasionally other
organizations or political figures, where they represent members of that body.
Delegates are assigned countries before the conference, along with receiving a
topic, or topics, that their committee will discuss. Delegates conduct research
before conferences, formulate positions and come up with policy proposals that
they will then debate with their fellow delegates in the committee, staying true
to the actual position of the member they represent. At the end of a conference,
the delegates will vote on written policies, called “draft resolutions”, with the
goal of passing them with a majority vote.